The Arab Traders were the one who brought Islam to India in the early 8th Century. In 12th Century Islam became an Important Religion. As compared to Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism The concept, customs and religious practices of Islam were unique to this faith which professed universal brotherhood and submission to Allah – the God Almighty.
The Invasion of Muslim warriors in 12th Century and the reign of Mughal Warriors in 16th and 17th Century helped in the spread of Islam in India. In Initial phase, Islam was aggressive, but the Sufi saints helped in spreading the message of universal harmony and peace.
Now India has one of the Finest Monuments made by Mughals They also made various Mosques & Dargahs across the country and faith of people made these places popular around the world.
Important Muslim pilgrimage Destinations
Ajmer Sharif, Ajmer (Rajasthan)
Ajmer is famous for the tomb of Hazrat Mu’inuddin Chishti, the founder of the Chishti Sufiorder, one of the most important Sufi organizations in India and Pakistan. Sufi teachers were important missionaries of Islam, through their piety, charisma, blessings, and service. Muinuddin lived in Ajmer from 1190 until his death.
People of all religions visit the Dargah of Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti. The Khwaja left for heavenly abode after a six day prayer in seclusion. These six days are celebrated every year as the annual Urs, which is attended by innumerable pilgrims irrespective of their faith.
The shrine is considered to be a place of wish fulfillment for those who pray with devout and pure hearts. It is said that Emperor Akbar sought blessings for his son at the Dargah.
Jama Masjid, Delhi
The first three storeys of the Jama Masjid tower are made of red sandstone and the fourth one is made of marble, while the fifth is made of sandstone. The Jama Masjid is covered with intricate carvings and has verses inscribed from the holy Koran. The grand Red fort (Lal Qila) stands on the eastern side of the Jama Masjid. The main prayer hall of the Jama Masjid is made up of high cusped arches and marble domes. The cabinet in the north gate of the Jama Masjid contains a collection of Muhammad’s relics – the Koran written on deerskin, a red beard-hair of the prophet, his sandals and his footprints, implanted in a marble block.
Haji Ali, Mumbai
This mosque was built in the Honor the Muslim saint Haji Ali and constructed in the middle of the sea with only a narrow path. The Haji Ali Dargah is the tomb of a wealthy Muslim merchant, who renounced all his worldly belongings before embarking on a pilgrimage to Mecca.
The Dargah itself is over eight hundred years old and linked to the mainland by a path that is annually submerged in the high monsoon tide. Inside the central shrine, throngs of worshippers stoop to press their heads against the richly brocaded red and green chaddor covering the tomb, which lies in an exquisite silver frame engraved with all the ninety-nine names of Allah. As per the Muslim traditions separate praying rooms for ladies and gents are provided here to pay their respects.It is set 500 yards into the sea and can be reached only in low tide. The Haji Ali mausoleum has an offshore location, opposite the Mahalakshmi racecourse. During high tide, the connecting causeway is submerged in water giving the impression that the mosque and tomb are floating out at sea in splendid isolation.
Fatehpur Sikri is the best example of the culmination of Hindu and Muslim architecture. Fatehpur Sikri Mosque is said to be a copy of the mosque in Mecca and has designs, derived from the Persian & Hindu architecture.
Dargah of Shaikh Salim Chishti.
To the North of the Mosque is the Dargah of Shaikh Salim Chishti. This Dargah was built in 1570. Here, childless women come for blessings of the saint. Even Akbar was blessed with three sons, when he came here. The lattice work in the Dargah is among the finest to be found any where in India.
One of the largest mosques in India, Jami Masjid was built in 1571 AD. Inside, there is a vast congregational coutyard. To the right, at the corner, is the Jammat Khana Hall and next ot this is the tomb of the royal ladies. To the left of the Jami Masjid is the Stone Cutters’ mosque, the oldest place of worship at Fateh Pur Sikri. It is entered through the eastern entrance known as the Buland Darwaza.
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